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J Appl Microbiol. 1999 May;86(5):859-66.

Adaptation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 15442 to didecyldimethylammonium bromide induces changes in membrane fatty acid composition and in resistance of cells.

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1
Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Industries Agricoles et Alimentaires, Département de Microbiologie Industrielle, Massy, France. mechin@ensia.inra.fr

Abstract

The role of membrane fatty acid composition in the resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 15442 to the bactericidal activity of didecyldimethyl ammonium bromide (DDAB) was investigated. In this study, the strain was sub-cultured in a medium with increasing DDAB concentrations. After adaptation, Ps. aeruginosa was able to grow until the DDAB concentration in the medium was about five times greater than the Minimal Inhibitory Concentration. Resistance of cells to the bactericidal activity of DDAB also increased gradually during adaptation. This resistance was dependent on the presence of the biocide, as it quickly decreased when the cells were transferred to medium without biocide. Adapted cells showed changes in membrane fatty acid composition. The modifications mainly affected lauric, beta-hydroxylauric and palmitic acids, and they underlined the implication of the membranes in the cell response to the presence of the biocide. Simple linear regression analysis showed that the membrane fatty acid composition of Ps. aeruginosa played an important part in the resistance mechanisms of cells to the bactericidal activity of DDAB.

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