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Am Heart J. 1999 Jun;137(6):1062-9.

Efficacy and safety of intravenously administered dofetilide in acute termination of atrial fibrillation and flutter: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Danish Dofetilide in Atrial Fibrillation and Flutter Study Group.

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1
Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study was designed to assess the efficacy and safety of intravenous dofetilide in acute termination of atrial fibrillation (AF) and flutter (AFL). Dofetilide, an investigational class III antiarrhythmic agent, selectively inhibits the rapid component of the delayed rectifier potassium current, thus prolonging the effective refractory period and duration of the action potential. Dofetilide can be administered intravenously and has a rapid onset of electrophysiologic action.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Ninety-six patients with AF (n = 79) or AFL (n = 17) with a median arrhythmia duration of 62 days (range 1 to 180) were randomized to placebo (n = 30) or 8 micrograms/kg IV dofetilide (n = 66) over 30 minutes. Conversion was defined as termination of the atrial arrhythmia within 3 hours from the start of infusion. The conversion rate was 30.3% after dofetilide and 3.3% after placebo (P <.006). Conversion rate was higher in AFL than in AF: 64% versus 24% (P =. 012). In nonconverters, there was no statistically significant difference between the change in heart rate among the dofetilide-treated compared with the placebo-treated patients (P =. 42). Torsade de pointes ventricular tachycardia developed in 2 patients (3%). In both patients, drug infusion was discontinued before the event because of prolongation of the QT interval.

CONCLUSIONS:

Intravenous dofetilide is effective in acute termination of AF and AFL of medium duration, with a particularly high efficacy rate in AFL. A small but serious risk of proarrhythmia must be anticipated.

PMID:
10347332
DOI:
10.1016/s0002-8703(99)70363-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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