Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Biol Chem. 1999 Jun 4;274(23):16582-9.

CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein delta regulates mammary epithelial cell G0 growth arrest and apoptosis.

Author information

1
Department of Veterinary Biosciences, Ohio State Comprehensive Cancer Center, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA.

Abstract

CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins (C/EBPs) are a highly conserved family of DNA-binding proteins that regulate cell-specific growth, differentiation, and apoptosis. Here, we show that induction of C/EBPdelta gene expression during G0 growth arrest is a general property of mammary-derived cell lines. C/EBPdelta is not induced during G0 growth arrest in 3T3 or IEC18 cells. C/EBPdelta induction is G0-specific in mouse mammary epithelial cells; C/EBPdelta gene expression is not induced by growth arrest in the G1, S, or G2 phase of the cell cycle. C/EBPdelta antisense-expressing cells (AS1 cells) maintain elevated cyclin D1 and phosphorylated retinoblastoma protein levels and exhibit delayed G0 growth arrest and apoptosis in response to serum and growth factor withdrawal. Conversely, C/EBPdelta-overexpressing cells exhibited a rapid decline in cyclin D1 and phosphorylated retinoblastoma protein levels, a rapid increase in the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27, and accelerated G0 growth arrest and apoptosis in response to serum and growth factor withdrawal. When C/EBPdelta levels were rescued in AS1 cells by transfection with a C/EBPdelta "sense" construct, normal G0 growth arrest and apoptosis were restored. These results demonstrate that C/EBPdelta plays a key role in the regulation of G0 growth arrest and apoptosis in mammary epithelial cells.

PMID:
10347224
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center