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J Biol Chem. 1999 Jun 4;274(23):16392-9.

Antagonistic action of novel 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-26, 23-lactone analogs on differentiation of human leukemia cells (HL-60) induced by 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3.

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Safety Research Department, Teijin Institute for Bio-Medical Research, 4-3-2 Asahigaoka, Hino, Tokyo 191-8512, Japan.


We examined the effects of two novel 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-26,23-lactone (1alpha,25-lactone) analogues on human promyelocytic leukemia cell (HL-60) differentiation using the evaluation system of the vitamin D nuclear receptor (VDR)/vitamin D-responsive element (DRE)-mediated genomic action stimulated by 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1alpha,25(OH)2D3) and its analogues. We found that the 1alpha,25-lactone analogues (23S)-25-dehydro-1alpha-hydroxyvitamin-D3-26,23-lactone (TEI-9647), and (23R)-25-dehydro-1alpha-hydroxyvitamin-D3-26,23-lactone (TEI-9648) bound much more strongly to the VDR than the natural (23S, 25R)-1alpha,25(OH)2D3-26,23-lactone, but did not induce cell differentiation even at high concentrations (10(-6) M). Intriguingly, the differentiation of HL-60 cells induced by 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 was inhibited by either TEI-9647 or TEI-9648 but not by the natural lactone. In contrast, retinoic acid or 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-induced HL-60 cell differentiation was not blocked by TEI-9647 or TEI-9648. In separate studies, TEI-9647 (10(-7) M) was found to be an effective antagonist of both 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 (10(-8) M) mediated induction of p21(WAF1, CIP1) in HL-60 cells and activation of the luciferase reporter assay in COS-7 cells transfected with cDNA containing the DRE of the rat 25(OH)D3-24-hydroxylase gene and cDNA of the human VDR. Collectively the results strongly suggest that our novel 1alpha,25-lactone analogues, TEI-9647 and TEI-9648, are specific antagonists of 1alpha, 25(OH)2D3 action, specifically VDR/DRE-mediated genomic action. As such, they represent the first examples of antagonists, which act on the nuclear VDR.

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