Send to

Choose Destination
Endocrinology. 1999 Jun;140(6):2439-51.

Suppression of ligand-dependent estrogen receptor activity by bone-resorbing cytokines in human osteoblasts.

Author information

Women's Health Research Institute, Wyeth-Ayerst Research, Inc., Radnor, Pennsylvania 19087, USA.


Estrogens are important for bone homeostasis and are classified as antiresorptive agents. One of the mechanisms for this effect is the inhibition of cytokine-induced bone resorption, which is mediated in part through an interaction between the estrogen receptor (ER) and nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB in osteoblasts. We present evidence that bone-resorbing cytokines that activate NF-kappaB conversely inhibit ligand-dependent ER activity in the conditionally immortalized human osteoblast cell line, HOB-03-CE6. Treatment of HOB-03-CE6 cells with 17beta-estradiol (17beta-E2) up-regulated reporter gene activity [ERE-thymidine kinase (tk)-luciferase] 3- to 5-fold in a dose-dependent manner (EC50 = 1.0 pM). However, cotreatment of the cells with 17beta-E2 and increasing concentrations of either tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha), interleukin-1alpha (IL-1alpha), or IL-1beta completely suppressed ERE-tk-luciferase activity in a dose-dependent manner (IC50 = 0.05-5.0 pM). On the other hand, treatment of the cells with growth factors either up-regulated or had no effect on ERE-tk-luciferase expression. Neither TNF alpha, IL-1alpha, nor IL-1beta treatment affected basal reporter gene activity in the cells, and the TNF alpha effect was reversed by a neutralizing antibody to the cytokine. TNF alpha treatment also suppressed ligand-dependent ER activity in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells, but not in Chinese hamster ovary cells that overexpressed human ER alpha, even though both cell lines responded to the cytokine as measured by the up-regulation of NFkappaB-tk-luciferase activity. TNF alpha treatment did not affect the steady state levels of either ER alpha or ER beta messenger RNA expression by the HOB-03-CE6 cells, nor did it reduce [125I]17beta-E2 binding. Moreover, TNF alpha treatment only weakly inhibited ligand-dependent glucocorticoid receptor activity in the HOB-03-CE6 cells. Bone-resorbing cytokines, which do not signal through the NF-kappaB pathway, did not suppress ERE-tk-luciferase activity in HOB-03-CE6 cells. Treatment of the cells with 17beta-E2 partially suppressed the activation of NF-kappaB by TNF alpha, but did not block cytokine-induced IL-6 secretion. Finally, cotreatment of HOB-03-CE6 cells with an antisense oligonucleotide to NF-kappaB p50 partially reversed the suppression of ERE-tk-luciferase activity by TNF alpha. In summary, these data provide evidence for a potent feedback inhibition of estrogen action in human osteoblasts that is at least partly mediated by the activation of NF-kappaB.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center