Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Intensive Care Med. 1999 Apr;25(4):353-9.

Medication errors at the administration stage in an intensive care unit.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pharmacy, University Hospital of Besançon, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the type, frequency and potential clinical significance of medication-administration errors.

DESIGN:

Prospective study using the observation technique as described by the American Society of HealthSystem Pharmacists but eliminating the disguised aspect.

SETTING:

Medical intensive care unit (ICU) in a university hospital.

PATIENTS AND PARTICIPANTS:

2009 medication administration interventions by nurses.

INTERVENTIONS:

Pharmacist-performed observation of preparation and administration of medication by nurses, comparison with the original medical order and comparison with the data available in the literature.

MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS:

132 (6.6% of 2009 observed events) errors were detected. Their distribution is as follows: 41 dose errors, 29 wrong rate, 24 wrong preparation technique, 19 physicochemical incompatibility, 10 wrong administration technique and 9 wrong time errors. No fatal errors were observed, but 26 of 132 errors were potentially life-threatening and 55 potentially significant.

CONCLUSION:

According to this first observation-based study of medication administration errors in a European ICU, these errors were due to deficiencies in the overall organisation of the hospital medication track, in patient follow-up and in staff training.

Comment in

PMID:
10342507
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center