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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 May 25;96(11):6267-72.

Signaling through fibroblast growth factor receptor 2b plays a key role in the development of the exocrine pancreas.

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1
Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U457, Hospital R. Debré, 48, Boulevard Sérurier, 75019 Paris, France.

Abstract

The development of the pancreas depends on epithelial-mesenchymal interactions. Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) and their receptors (FGFRs 1-4) have been identified as mediators of epithelial-mesenchymal interactions in different organs. We show here that FGFR-2 IIIb and its ligands FGF-1, FGF-7, and FGF-10 are expressed throughout pancreatic development. We also show that in mesenchyme-free cultures of embryonic pancreatic epithelium FGF-1, FGF-7, and FGF-10 stimulate the growth, morphogenesis, and cytodifferentiation of the exocrine cells of the pancreas. The role of FGFs signaling through FGFR-2 IIIb was further investigated by inhibiting FGFR-2 IIIb signaling in organocultures of pancreatic explants (epithelium + mesenchyme) by using either antisense FGFR-2 IIIb oligonucleotides or a soluble recombinant FGFR-2 IIIb protein. Abrogation of FGFR-2 IIIb signaling resulted in a considerable reduction in the size of the explants and in a 2-fold reduction of the development of the exocrine cells. These results demonstrate that FGFs signaling through FGFR-2 IIIb play an important role in the development of the exocrine pancreas.

PMID:
10339576
PMCID:
PMC26870
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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