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Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 1999 Jun;25(2):154-9.

Refined mapping of two regions of loss of heterozygosity on chromosome band 11q23 in lung cancer.

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McDermott Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas 75235-8591, USA.


11q23-24 chromosome is a region containing frequent allelic loss (loss of heterozygosity; LOH) in human cancers. To examine cancer-related allelic loss in the region between D11S940 and APOC3, we used 17 polymorphic markers and allotyped 28 lung cancer-derived cell lines and their corresponding matched lymphoblastoid cell lines. LOH was found in 71.4% (20/28) of the lung cancer cell lines and was localized to two distinct minimal regions of loss. One region is bracketed by markers D11S1647 and NCAM2 and contains the gene encoding the beta isoform of the A subunit of the human protein phosphatase 2A (PPP2R1B). Recently, mutations in this gene were described in lung and colon cancers, suggesting that PPP2R1B functions as a tumor-suppressor gene. A second minimal region of loss was defined between markers D11S1792 and D11S1885, a region estimated to be less than I Mb. Thus, chromosome 11 likely harbors two sites of suppressor oncogene activity in lung cancer, one defined by the PPP2R1B gene and the second located telomeric to PPP2R1B. This study facilitates the identification and cloning of a second critical tumor-suppressor gene involved in lung cancer, and possibly a variety of other cancers, on human chromosome band 11q23.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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