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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1999 Jun 1;366(1):131-8.

Ethanol potentiates the mitogenic effects of sphingosine 1-phosphate by a zinc- and calcium-dependent mechanism in fibroblasts.

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The Hormel Institute, University of Minnesota, 801 16th Avenue Northeast, Austin, Minnesota, 55912, USA.


In mouse embryo NIH 3T3 fibroblasts, ethanol (60-80 mM) was found to enhance the stimulatory effects of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) on both DNA synthesis and cell proliferation. Well-detectable potentiating effects of ethanol on S1P-induced mitogenesis required the presence of calcium (>1 mM) and zinc (20-40 microM) in the incubation medium. The amphibian tetrapeptide bombesin, which is known to mobilize intracellular calcium in fibroblasts, had no effect alone, but it approximately doubled the combined stimulatory effects of ethanol and S1P on DNA synthesis. The synergistic mitogenic effects of ethanol and S1P were also slightly enhanced, rather than inhibited, by the alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor 4-methylpyrazole (5 mM). Of the various growth regulatory enzymes examined, ethanol detectably enhanced the stimulatory effects of S1P on the phosphosphorylation (activation) of p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases, but not of p38 MAP kinase. Cotreatment of fibroblasts with ethanol for 10 min also enhanced the stimulatory effects of S1P on the activities of c-Raf-1 kinase and p70 S6 kinase, but neither S1P nor ethanol had effects on phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase and Akt/PKB kinase activities. Ethanol-plus-S1P-induced DNA synthesis was partially inhibited by both PD 98059 (50 microM) and rapamycin (10 nM), inhibitors of p42/p44 MAP kinase kinase and mTOR/p70 S6 kinases, respectively. The results indicate that in NIH 3T3 fibroblasts, ethanol can enhance the mitogenic effects of S1P by a zinc- and calcium-dependent mechanism involving both the rapamycin-sensitive p70 S6 kinase-dependent and the c-Raf-1/MAP kinase-dependent growth regulatory pathways.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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