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Planta. 1999 Apr;208(2):257-63.

Control of hypocotyl elongation in Arabidopsis thaliana by photoreceptor interaction.

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1
Institut für Biologie II, Universität Freiburg, Germany.

Abstract

In order to test the interaction of different phytochromes and blue-light receptors, etiolated seedlings of wild-type Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh., a phytochrome (phy) B-overexpressor line (ABO), and the photoreceptor mutants phyA-201, phyB-5, hy4-2.23n, fha-1, phyA-201/phyB-5, and phyA-201/hy4-2.23n were exposed to red and far-red light pulses after various preirradiations. The responsiveness to the inductive red pulses is primarily mediated by phyB which is rather stable in its far-red-absorbing form as demonstrated by a very slow loss of reversibility. Without preirradiation the red pulses had an impact on hypocotyl elongation only in PHYA mutants but not in the wild type. This indicates a suppression of phyB function by the presence of phyA. Preirradiation with either far-red or blue light resulted in an inhibition of hypocotyl elongation by red pulses in the wild type. Responsiveness amplification by far-red light is mediated by phyA and disappears slowly in the dark. The extent of responsiveness amplification by blue light was identical in the wild type and in the absence of phyA, or the cryptochromes cryl (hy4-2.23n) or cry2 (fha-1). Therefore, we conclude that stimulation of phyB by blue light preirradiation is either mediated by an additional still-unidentified blue-light-absorbing pigment or that phyA, cry1 and cry2 substitute for each other completely. Both blue and red preirradiation established responsiveness to red pulses in phyA-201/phyB-5 double mutants. These results demonstrate that inhibition of hypocotyl elongation by red pulses is not only mediated by phyB but also by a phytochrome(s) other than phyA and phyB.

PMID:
10333589
DOI:
10.1007/s004250050557
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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