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Planta. 1999 Apr;208(2):239-46.

The effect of ethylene and cytokinin on guanosine 5'-triphosphate binding and protein phosphorylation in leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana.

Author information

1
Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.

Abstract

Binding of [alpha-32P]guanosine 5'-triphosphate ([alpha-32P]GTP) has been demonstrated in a Triton X-100-solubilised membrane fraction from leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. Binding was stimulated by 1 h pre-treatment of leaves with ethylene and this effect was antagonised by the inclusion of N6-benzyladenine in the medium used for homogenisation. The ethylene-insensitive mutants eti 5 and etr showed contrasting responses. In eti 5 the constitutive level of GTP binding was higher than in the wild type whereas in etr the level was much lower. Neither ethylene nor cytokinin affected GTP binding in the mutants. The GTP-binding activity was localised in two bands at 22 and 25 kDa, both of which were immunoprecipitated by anti-pan-Ras antibodies, indicating that the activity is due to small GTP-binding proteins. In a similar membrane fraction, ethylene was shown to increase protein phosphorylation and benzyladenine antagonised this effect. In eti 5 the constitutive level of protein phosphorylation was higher than in the wild type, but benzyladenine increased activity substantially while ethylene was without effect. In etr, protein phosphorylation was lower than in the wild type, ethylene was without effect, but cytokinin increased activity. A protein of M(r) 17 kDa was detected on gels using antibodies to nucleoside diphosphate kinase. Phosphorylation of this protein was upregulated by ethylene but nucleoside diphosphate kinase activity was unaffected. The results are compared with the effect of the two hormones on the senescence of detached leaves and discussed in relation to pathways proposed for ethylene signal transduction.

PMID:
10333587
DOI:
10.1007/s004250050555
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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