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Eur J Pediatr. 1999 May;158(5):410-3.

Hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia associated with persistent hyperammonaemia.

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Department of Paediatrics, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Japan.


Two cases of hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia associated with persistent hyperammonaemia in unrelated infants of 7 days and 4 months of age are reported. Blood ammonia levels were 100-300 micromol/l (normal values <40 micromol/l). The hyperammonaemia was asymptomatic and not associated with any of the abnormalities of amino acids or organic acids observed in urea cycle enzyme defects. Orotic aciduria was normal. The hyperammonaemia was not influenced by the levels of blood glucose nor by subtotal pancreatectomy. On admission blood glucose was ca. 1.2 mmol/l (21.6 mg/dl) corresponding to blood insulin levels of 35 and 22 mU/l respectively in both infants. Continuous intravenous glucose perfusion was necessary to prevent hypoglycaemia. Furthermore 2-oxoglutaric acid in urine was increased in the second infant to 3.15 mg/mg creatinine (normal 0.41+/-0.12). This may point to mutations in the glutamate dehydrogenase gene.


2-Oxoglutaric aciduria may be an important clue to the diagnose in this syndrome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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