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Am J Physiol. 1999 May;276(5 Pt 1):E870-8.

Differential regulation of MAP kinase, p70(S6K), and Akt by contraction and insulin in rat skeletal muscle.

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  • 1Research Division, Joslin Diabetes Center, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA.

Abstract

To study the effects of contractile activity on mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP kinase), p70 S6 kinase (p70(S6K)), and Akt kinase signaling in rat skeletal muscle, hindlimb muscles were contracted by electrical stimulation of the sciatic nerve for periods of 15 s to 60 min. Contraction resulted in a rapid and transient activation of Raf-1 and MAP kinase kinase 1, a rapid and more sustained activation of MAP kinase and the 90-kDa ribosomal S6 kinase 2, and a dramatic increase in c-fos mRNA expression. Contraction also resulted in an apparent increase in the association of Raf-1 with p21Ras, although stimulation of MAP kinase signaling occurred independent of Shc, IRS1, and IRS2 tyrosine phosphorylation or the formation of Shc/Grb2 or IRS1/Grb2 complexes. Insulin was considerably less effective than contraction in stimulating the MAP kinase pathway. However, insulin, but not contraction, increased p70(S6K) and Akt activities in the muscle. These results demonstrate that contraction-induced activation of the MAP kinase pathway is independent of proximal steps in insulin and/or growth factor-mediated signaling, and that contraction and insulin have discordant effects with respect to the activation of the MAP kinase pathway vs. p70(S6K) and Akt. Of the numerous stimulators of MAP kinase in skeletal muscle, contractile activity emerges as a potent and physiologically relevant activator of MAP kinase signaling, and thus activation of this pathway is likely to be an important molecular mechanism by which skeletal muscle cells transduce mechanical and/or biochemical signals into downstream biological responses.

PMID:
10329981
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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