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Am J Physiol. 1999 May;276(5):E828-35. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.1999.276.5.E828.

Substrate metabolism when subjects are fed carbohydrate during exercise.

Author information

1
The Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology and Health Education and Division of Nutritional Sciences, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712, USA.

Abstract

This study determined the effect of carbohydrate ingestion during exercise on the lipolytic rate, glucose disappearance from plasma (Rd Glc), and fat oxidation. Six moderately trained men cycled for 2 h on four separate occasions. During two trials, they were fed a high-glycemic carbohydrate meal during exercise at 30 min (0.8 g/kg), 60 min (0.4 g/kg), and 90 min (0.4 g/kg); once during low-intensity exercise [25% peak oxygen consumption (VO2 peak)] and once during moderate-intensity exercise (68% VO2 peak). During two additional trials, the subjects remained fasted (12-14 h) throughout exercise at each intensity. After 55 min of low-intensity exercise in fed subjects, hyperglycemia (30% increase) and a threefold elevation in plasma insulin concentration (P < 0.05) were associated with a 22% suppression of lipolysis compared with when subjects were fasted (5.2 +/- 0.5 vs. 6.7 +/- 1.2 micromol. kg-1. min-1, P < 0.05), but fat oxidation was not different from fasted levels at this time. Fat oxidation when subjects were fed carbohydrate was not reduced below fasting levels until 80-90 min of exercise, and lipolysis was in excess of fat oxidation at this time. The reduction in fat oxidation corresponded in time with the increase in Rd Glc. During moderate-intensity exercise, the very small elevation in plasma insulin concentration (approximately 3 microU/ml; P < 0.05) during the second hour of exercise when subjects were fed vs. when they were fasted slightly attenuated lipolysis (P < 0.05) but did not increase Rd Glc or suppress fat oxidation. These findings indicate that despite a suppression of lipolysis after carbohydrate ingestion during exercise, the lipolytic rate remained in excess and thus did not limit fat oxidation. Under these conditions, a reduction in fat oxidation was associated in time with an increase in glucose uptake.

PMID:
10329975
DOI:
10.1152/ajpendo.1999.276.5.E828
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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