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Am J Physiol. 1999 May;276(5):C1108-14. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.1999.276.5.C1108.

SNAP23 promotes insulin-dependent glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 adipocytes: possible interaction with cytoskeleton.

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Cell Biology Programme, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario M5G 1X8; and Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1A8.


The acute stimulation of glucose uptake by insulin in fat and muscle cells is primarily the result of translocation of facilitative glucose transporter 4 (GLUT-4) from an internal compartment to the plasma membrane. Here, we investigate the role of SNAP23 (a 23-kDa molecule resembling the 25-kDa synaptosome associated protein) in GLUT-4 translocation and glucose uptake in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Microinjection of a polyclonal antibody directed to the carboxy terminus of SNAP23 inhibited GLUT-4 incorporation into the membrane in response to insulin, whereas microinjection of full-length recombinant SNAP23 enhanced the insulin effect. Introduction of recombinant SNAP23 into chemically permeabilized cells also enhanced insulin-stimulated glucose transport. These results indicate that SNAP23 is required for insulin-dependent, functional incorporation of GLUT-4 into the plasma membrane and that the carboxy terminus of the protein is essential for this process. SNAP23 is therefore likely to be a fusion catalyst along with syntaxin-4 and vesicle-associated membrane protein (VAMP)-2. Furthermore, the endogenous content of SNAP23 appears to be limiting for insulin-dependent GLUT-4 exposure at the cell surface. A measurable fraction of SNAP23 was sedimented with cytoskeletal elements when extracted with Triton X-100, unlike VAMP-2 and syntaxin-4, which were exclusively soluble in detergent. We hypothesize that SNAP23 and its interaction with the cytoskeleton may be targets for regulation of GLUT-4 traffic.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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