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Am J Pathol. 1999 May;154(5):1407-16.

Effect of C-C chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) knockout on type-2 (schistosomal antigen-elicited) pulmonary granuloma formation: analysis of cellular recruitment and cytokine responses.

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Departments of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine and Pulmonary Medicine, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan MI, USA.


Monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1 is postulated to play a role in cellular recruitment during inflammatory reactions. C-C chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) is considered the major G-protein coupled receptor for MCP-1/JE. We reported that mice with knockout of the CCR2 gene display partially impaired type-1 granuloma formation. The present study similarly examined the effect of CCR2 deficiency on synchronously developing type-2 (Th2) cytokine-mediated lung granulomas elicited by embolization of beads coated with Ags of Schistosoma mansoni eggs. Systemically, blood monocytes were reduced by about half throughout the 8-day study period. At the local level, granuloma size and macrophage content were impaired during the early growth phase (days 1 to 2). By day 4, granuloma sizes were similar to controls. In granulomatous lungs, CCR2 knockout increased mRNA for CCR2 agonists, MCP-1, MCP-3, and MCP-5, but reduced IL-4 and IFNgamma mRNA. The latter was possibly related to decreased CD4+ T cell recruitment. Regionally, draining lymph nodes showed panlymphoid hyperplasia with impaired production of IFNgamma, IL-2, and IL-4, but not IL-5, IL-10, or IL-13. Analysis of procollagen gene expression indicated transient impairment of procollagen III transcripts on day 4 of granuloma formation. These findings indicate that agonists of CCR2 contribute to multiple facets of type-2 hypersensitivity granulomatous inflammation.

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