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Am J Pathol. 1999 May;154(5):1345-52.

Identification of a glioblastoma-associated tenascin-C isoform by a high affinity recombinant antibody.

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Laboratory of Cell Biology and Laboratory of Anatomic Pathology, Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro, Genoa, Italy.


Tenascin-C exists in several polymorphic isoforms due to alternative splicing of nine fibronectin-like type III repeats. Large Tenascin-C isoforms are present in almost all normal adult tissues but are upregulated in fetal, regenerating, and neoplastic tissues. Here, we report a human antibody fragment, TN11, derived from a phage library with high affinity for the spliced repeat C and demonstrate that this repeat is undetectable in normal adult tissues, barely detectable or undetectable in breast, lung and gastric carcinomas, meningioma, and low grade astrocytoma, but extremely abundant in high grade astrocytoma (grade III and glioblastoma), especially around vascular structures and proliferating cells. The antibody appears to have potential for development of a therapeutic agent for patients with high grade astrocytoma.

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