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Virology. 1999 May 25;258(1):176-88.

Cell-cycle perturbation in Sf9 cells infected with Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus.

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  • 1Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Chikusa, Nagoya, 464-8601, Japan.


Flow cytometry analysis of the cell-cycle progression was performed in Sf9 cells infected with Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcNPV) in the cultures partially synchronized by aphidicolin exposure and deprivation. Cells infected with AcNPV during the G1 phase progressed and were arrested in the S phase in the 4 h following the infection, whereas cells infected during the S phase did not progress past the S phase. Cells infected during the G2/M phase remained in the G2/M phase without mitosis during a period of 10 h. Such cell-cycle arrest was also observed in the cells infected with ts8, a temperature-sensitive mutant of AcNPV that is defective in both genomic DNA synthesis and late gene expression. Cells with >4 N DNA content accumulated in the cultures infected with wild-type AcNPV, whereas no such cells appeared in the cultures infected with ts8, suggesting that viral origin of the DNA overaccumulated in the cells with >4 N DNA content. This was confirmed by the slot blot hybridization experiments, which showed that viral DNA, but not cellular DNA, increased strikingly in Sf9 cells during the infection with AcNPV. These results indicate that AcNPV targets at least two different checkpoints to prevent normal cell-cycle progression of Sf9 cells and that neither viral DNA replication nor expression of viral late genes is a necessary prerequisite for such AcNPV-induced cell-cycle arrest. It is suggested that the cell-cycle arrest in AcNPV-infected Sf9 cells is an event triggered early in infection by specific interaction of viral gene products with cellular components that regulate cell-cycle progression.

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