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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1999 May 19;258(3):565-71.

EGF-induced activation of Stat1, Stat3, and Stat5b is unrelated to the stimulation of DNA synthesis in cultured hepatocytes.

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Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.


Transcription factors of the STAT family have been implicated in regulation of cell proliferation. EGF activates several STAT proteins in liver. We have studied the relationship between STAT activation and the growth-stimulatory effect of EGF in rat hepatocytes, assessing specific DNA-binding activity of STAT proteins in electrophoretic mobility-shift and supershift assays. In freshly isolated hepatocytes, EGF activated Stat1, Stat3, and, particularly, Stat5b. However, the ability of EGF to produce this activation was rapidly attenuated when the cells were cultured, while the activation by IFN-gamma (Stat1) and IL-6 (Stat3) was sustained. Hepatocytes cultured for 24-48 h are highly sensitive to the stimulatory effect of EGF on S phase entry. In these cells EGF did not detectably activate Stat1, Stat3, or Stat5b but markedly stimulated MAP kinase (Erk1/2). Thus, although EGF has the ability to activate several STAT proteins, this did not seem to be part of the mitogenic mechanisms used by the EGF receptor in hepatocytes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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