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J Magn Reson. 1999 May;138(1):54-65.

Deuterium REDOR: principles and applications for distance measurements

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  • 1Institut fur Organische Chemie der Freien Universitat Berlin, Takustrasse 3, Berlin, D-14195, Germany.


The application of short composite pulse schemes ( and ) to the rotational echo double-resonance (REDOR) spectroscopy of X-2H (X: spin 12, observed) systems with large deuterium quadrupolar interactions has been studied experimentally and theoretically and compared with simple 180 degrees pulse schemes. The basic properties of the composite pulses on the deuterium nuclei have been elucidated, using average Hamiltonian theory, and exact simulations of the experiments have been achieved by stepwise integration of the equation of motion of the density matrix. REDOR experiments were performed on 15N-2H in doubly labeled acetanilide and on 13C-2H in singly 2H-labeled acetanilide. The most efficient REDOR dephasing was observed when composite pulses were used. It is found that the dephasing due to simple 180 degrees deuterium pulses is about a factor of 2 less efficient than the dephasing due to the composite pulse sequences and thus the range of couplings observable by X-2H REDOR is enlarged toward weaker couplings, i.e., larger distances. From these experiments the 2H-15N dipolar coupling between the amino deuteron and the amino nitrogen and the 2H-13C dipolar couplings between the amino deuteron and the alpha and beta carbons have been elucidated and the corresponding distances have been determined. The distance data from REDOR are in good agreement with data from X-ray and neutron diffraction, showing the power of the method. Copyright 1999 Academic Press.

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