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Exp Neurol. 1999 Apr;156(2):239-53.

Different primary target cells are important for fiber lamination in the fascia dentata: a lesson from reeler mutant mice.

Author information

1
Institute of Anatomy, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, D-79001, Germany.

Abstract

The factors determining the lamina-specific termination of entorhinal and commissural afferents to the fascia dentata are poorly understood. Recently it was shown that early generated Cajal-Retzius (CR) cells in the outer molecular layer and reelin, synthesized by CR cells, play a role in the lamina-specific termination of entorhinal fibers which form transient synapses with CR cells before establishing their definite contacts with granule cell dendrites (J. A. del Rio et al., 1997, Nature 385, 70-74). By using anterograde tracing with Phaseolus vulgaris leukoagglutinin we show that the normal, sharply delineated entorhinal projection to the outer molecular layer is retained in reeler mutant mice lacking reelin. This coincides with the regular presence of CR cells, the primary, transient target cells of entorhinal fibers. In contrast, the commissural fibers were found to terminate in an abnormal broad, not clearly defined area. This widespread projection coincides with the distribution of granule cells which in the mutant do not form a dense cell layer but are scattered all over the hilus due to a migration defect. Unlike the entorhinal fibers, the commissural fibers arrive in their target layer late in development, when granule cell dendrites are already there. We hypothesize from these results that the presence of the adequate postsynaptic element at the time of fiber ingrowth, CR cells for the early ingrowing entorhinal fibers and granule cells for the late-arriving commissural fibers, is crucial for the normal formation of these layer-specific projections.

PMID:
10328933
DOI:
10.1006/exnr.1999.7020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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