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J Biomech. 1999 May;32(5):531-7.

Constitutive model of brain tissue suitable for finite element analysis of surgical procedures.

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Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, The University of Western Australia, Nedlands/Perth WA, Australia.


Realistic finite element modelling and simulation of neurosurgical procedures present a formidable challenge. Appropriate, finite deformation, constitutive model of brain tissue is a prerequisite for such development. In this paper, a large deformation, linear, viscoelastic model, suitable for direct use with commercially available finite element software packages such as ABAQUS is constructed. The proposed constitutive equation is of polynomial form with time-dependent coefficients. The model requires four material constants to be identified. The material constants were evaluated based on unconfined compression experiment results. The analytical as well as numerical solutions to the unconfined compression problem are presented. The agreement between the proposed theoretical model and the experiment is good for compression levels reaching 30% and for loading velocities varying over five orders of magnitude. The numerical solution using the finite element method matched the analytical solution very closely.

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