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Eur Urol. 1999;35(5-6):474-8.

Prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia: A marker for high-risk groups and a potential target for chemoprevention.

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Department of Pathology, Wayne State University and Karmanos Cancer, Institute, Detroit, Mich., USA.


Both the incidence of, and the mortality due to, prostate cancer in the USA are higher in African-American men than in Caucasian men. This is particularly true in men less than 60 years of age. Our findings indicate that both the prevalence and the extensiveness of high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) are higher in African-American men compared to Caucasians and that this discrepancy starts as early as the third decade of life. In an autopsy series comprising 650 men, extensive high-grade PIN with diffuse involvement of the prostate gland was evident in 25 (7%) of 364 African-American men less than 50 years of age compared to 4 (2%) of 208 Caucasian men in the same age group (p = 0.002). In a series of more than 1,200 men undergoing radical prostatectomy for clinically localized prostate cancer, extensive high-grade PIN was significantly and consistently higher in the African-American cohort than the Caucasian cohort. The difference was more evident in younger patients and those with smaller, organ-confined tumors. In a subset of 216 men (71 African-Americans and 138 Caucasians) with clinical stage T1C prostate cancer, extensive high-grade PIN was identified in 33% and 12% of the two groups respectively (p = 0.001). Moreover, in patients with organ-confined disease, both Gleason score and the extensiveness of high-grade PIN were significant predictors of biochemical recurrence. Our findings suggest an important role for high-grade PIN in the development of clinically significant, potentially aggressive prostate cancer in African-American men. In this epidemiologically identifiable high-risk group, there is a potential opportunity for chemoprevention strategies in younger men with high-grade PIN.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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