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Protein Eng. 1999 Apr;12(4):313-8.

Site-directed mutagenesis of residues 164, 170, 171, 179, 220, 237 and 242 in PER-1 beta-lactamase hydrolysing expanded-spectrum cephalosporins.

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Laboratoire de Recherche Moléculaire sur les Antibiotiques, Université Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI), Faculté de Médecine Pitié-Salpêtrière, F-75634 Paris cedex 13, France.


The class A beta-lactamase PER-1, which displays 26% identity with the TEM-type extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs), is characterized by a substrate profile similar to that conferred by these latter enzymes. The role of residues Ala164, His170, Ala171, Asn179, Arg220, Thr237 and Lys242, found in PER-1, was assessed by site-directed mutagenesis. Replacement of Ala164 by Arg yielded an enzyme with no detectable beta-lactamase activity. Two other mutants, N179D and A164R+N179D, were also inactive. Conversely, a mutant with the A171E substitution displayed a substrate profile very similar to that of the wild-type enzyme. Moreover, the replacement of Ala171 by Glu in the A164R enzyme yielded a double mutant which was active, suggesting that Glu171 could compensate for the deleterious effect of Arg164 in the A164R+A171E enzyme. A specific increase in kcat for cefotaxime was observed with H170N, whereas R220L and T237A displayed a specific decrease in activity towards the same drug and a general increase in affinity towards cephalosporins. Finally, the K242E mutant displayed a kinetic behaviour very similar to that of PER-1. Based on three-dimensional models generated by homology modelling and molecular dynamics, these results suggest novel structure-activity relationships in PER-1, when compared with those previously described for the TEM-type ESBLs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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