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J Clin Microbiol. 1999 Jun;37(6):1746-51.

Epidemiological study of paratuberculosis in wild rabbits in Scotland.

Author information

1
SAC Veterinary Science Division, Perth PH1 1HF, Scotland, United Kingdom.

Abstract

A survey of 22 farms confirmed the presence of paratuberculosis in wild rabbits in Scotland. Regional differences were apparent in the prevalence of the disease in rabbits, with a significantly higher incidence occurring in the Tayside region. Statistical analysis showed a significant relationship between a previous history or current problem of paratuberculosis in cattle and the presence of paratuberculosis in rabbits on the farms. Molecular genetic typing techniques could not discriminate between selected rabbit and cattle isolates from the same or different farms, suggesting that the same strain may infect and cause disease in both species and that interspecies transmission may occur. The possibility of interspecies transmission and the involvement of wildlife in the epidemiology of paratuberculosis have important implications for the control of the disease.

PMID:
10325318
PMCID:
PMC84940
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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