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Bone. 1999 May;24(5):437-49.

A novel inhibitor of the tyrosine kinase Src suppresses phosphorylation of its major cellular substrates and reduces bone resorption in vitro and in rodent models in vivo.

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Research Bone Metabolism, Novartis Pharma AG, Basel, Switzerland.


The tyrosine kinase Src has been implicated in the process of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. Here, we describe a novel class of Src inhibitors, substituted 5,7-diphenyl-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines, and characterize one of them, CGP77675, in vitro and in models of bone resorption in vivo. In vitro, CGP77675 inhibited phosphorylation of peptide substrates and autophosphorylation of purified Src (concentration producing half-maximal inhibition [IC50] values 5-20 and 40 nmol/L, respectively). The compound was selective toward other protein kinases: the Src IC50 value was lower than those for Cdc2 (>500-fold), epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (7.5-fold), and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (>50-fold), and for v-Abl (15-fold) and focal adhesion kinase (Fak) (>25-fold). The Src kinase family members Lck and Yes were inhibited with IC50 values 20-fold higher than or equal to Src. To measure the inhibition of cellular Src activity, we identified the major tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins in an Src-overexpressing cell line IC8.1 as Src, Fak, and paxillin. CGP77675 potently inhibited tyrosine phosphorylation of the Src substrates Fak and paxillin, but had much less effect on Src (IC50 values 0.3, 0.5, and 5.7 micromol/L). The phosphorylation of Src in IC8.1 cells reflected phosphorylation of the negative regulatory tyrosine 527 (Y527); thus, the inhibitor was selective against the Y527 C-terminal Src kinase Csk. In osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells, CGP77675 inhibited signaling induced by PDGF at the receptor level, but not signaling by EGF, basic fibroblast growth factor, insulin-like growth factor-1, and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. The effect of CGP77675 on bone resorption was evaluated in vitro and in vivo. The parathyroid hormone-induced bone resorption in rat fetal long bone cultures was inhibited with an IC50 of 0.8 micromol/L. CGP77675 dose-dependently reduced the hypercalcemia induced in mice by interleukin-1beta and partly prevented bone loss and microarchitectural changes in young ovariectomized rats, showing that the protective effect on bone was exerted via the inhibition of bone resorption. Thus, specific Src family kinase inhibitors may be useful for the treatment of diseases associated with elevated bone loss.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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