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J Biomed Mater Res. 1999 Jun 15;45(4):294-301.

Impact of nicotine on bone healing.

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Northwest Wound Healing Center, School of Medicine, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland 97201-3098, USA.

Erratum in

  • J Biomed Mat Res 1999 Sep 5;46(3):438-9.


A limited number of experimental animal studies and in vitro data confirm that nicotine impairs bone healing, diminishes osteoblast function, causes autogenous bone graft morbidity, and decreases graft biomechanical properties. Therefore, our long-term goal is to develop an effective therapy to reverse the adverse impact of nicotine from tobacco products. However, before accomplishing this goal, we had to develop an animal model. Our hypotheses were nicotine administration preceding and following autogenous bone grafting adversely affected autograft incorporation and depressed donor site healing in a characterized animal wound model. Hypothesis testing was accomplished in bilateral, 4-mm diameter parietal bone defects prepared in 60 Long-Evans rats (male, 35-day-old). A 4-mm diameter disk of donor bone was removed from the left parietal bone and placed in the contralateral defect. The donor site served as a spontaneously healing bone wound. The rats were partitioned equally among three doses of nicotine administered orally in the drinking water (12.5, 25, and 50 mg/L). For each dose, the duration and sequence of nicotine treatment followed four courses, including no nicotine and designated combinations of nicotine administration and abatement prior to and following osseous surgery. Experimental sites were recovered on 14 and 28 days postsurgery, responses quantitated, and data analyzed by analysis of variance and post hoc statistics (p < or = 0.05). We developed a convenient and effective osseous model, and the results validated our hypothesis that nicotine negatively impacts on bone healing.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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