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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1999 May 12;1418(2):344-51.

Preferential recognition of zwitterionic dipeptides as transportable substrates by the high-affinity peptide transporter PEPT2.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, GA 30912-2100, USA.


We investigated the interaction of rat PEPT2, a high-affinity peptide transporter, with neutral, anionic, and cationic dipeptides using electrophysiological approaches as well as tracer uptake methods. D-Phe-L-Gln (neutral), D-Phe-L-Glu (anionic), and D-Phe-L-Lys (cationic) were used as representative, non-hydrolyzable, dipeptides. All three dipeptides induced H+-dependent inward currents in Xenopus laevis oocytes heterologously expressing rat PEPT2. The H+:peptide stoichiometry was 1:1 in each case. A simultaneous measurement of radiolabeled dipeptide influx and charge transfer in the same oocyte indicated a transfer of one net positive charge into the oocyte per transfer of one peptide molecule irrespective of the charged nature of the peptide. We conclude that the zwitterionic peptides are preferentially recognized by PEPT2 as transportable substrates and that the proton/peptide stoichiometry is 1 for the transport process.

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