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Bioinformatics. 1999 Apr;15(4):327-32.

Automated analysis of interatomic contacts in proteins.

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Department of Plant Sciences and Bioinformatics Unit, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.



New software has been designed to assist the molecular biologist in understanding the structural consequences of modifying a ligand and/or protein.


Tools are described for the analysis of ligand-protein contacts (LPC software) and contacts of structural units (CSU software) such as helices, sheets, strands and residues. Our approach is based on a detailed analysis of interatomic contacts and interface complementarity. For any ligand or structural unit, these software automatically: (i) calculate the solvent-accessible surface of every atom; (ii) determine the contacting residues and type of interaction they undergo (hydrophobic-hydrophobic, aromatic-aromatic, etc.); (iii) indicate all putative hydrogen bonds. LPC software further predicts changes in binding strength following chemical modification of the ligand.


Both LPC and CSU can be accessed through the PDB and are integrated in the 3DB Atlas page of all PDB files. For any given file, the tools can also be accessed at gov/pdb-bin/lpc?PDB_ID= and gov/pdb-bin/csu?PDB_ID= with the four-letter PDB code added at the end in each case. Finally, LPC and CSU can be accessed at: and

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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