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Cell. 1999 Apr 30;97(3):313-24.

Pch2 links chromatin silencing to meiotic checkpoint control.

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Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8103, USA.


The PCH2 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is required for the meiotic checkpoint that prevents chromosome segregation when recombination and chromosome synapsis are defective. Mutation of PCH2 relieves the checkpoint-induced pachytene arrest of the zip1, zip2, and dmc1 mutants, resulting in chromosome missegregation and low spore viability. Most of the Pch2 protein localizes to the nucleolus, where it represses meiotic interhomolog recombination in the ribosomal DNA, apparently by excluding the meiosis-specific Hop1 protein. Nucleolar localization of Pch2 depends on the silencing factor Sir2, and mutation of SIR2 also bypasses the zip1 pachytene arrest. Under certain circumstances, Sir3-dependent localization of Pch2 to telomeres also provides checkpoint function. These unexpected findings link the nucleolus, chromatin silencing, and the pachytene checkpoint.

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