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Br J Radiol. 1998 Dec;71(852):1288-95.

Entrance skin dose estimates derived from dose-area product measurements in interventional radiological procedures.

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Department of Medical Imaging, King Fahad National Guard Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.


Patient skin doses resulting from interventional radiological procedures have the potential to exceed threshold doses for deterministic effects such as erythema and epilation. If the irradiation geometry is known, the entrance skin dose can be estimated from the measured dose-area product. For each of 10 non-coronary interventional procedures, a nominal geometry was identified. From a previous survey of patient dose-area products, the entrance skin doses were estimated under the assumption that all procedures were performed with the nominal geometry specific to it. An analysis of the uncertainties in these doses caused by realistic deviations from the nominal geometry was also performed and it was shown that the estimated entrance skin dose values are at least to within 40%, and generally to within about 30%, of those actually received. For example, the median estimated entrance skin doses for the posteroanterior and lateral projections of cerebral angiography were 100 and 110 mGy. respectively, and for hepatic angiography 425 mGy. The largest entrance skin dose estimate for a single projection was for the angiography component of a CT arterial portography procedure at 670 mGy. Comparisons between entrance skin dose estimates obtained from this study are made with data from other interventional radiology patient dose surveys.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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