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Thromb Haemost. 1999 Apr;81(4):543-6.

Haemostatic abnormalities, cardiac involvement and serum tumor necrosis factor levels in X-linked dystrophic patients.

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Department of Internal Medicine, University of Chieti, Medical School, Italy.


Left ventricular thrombosis and systemic emboli have been demonstrated to complicate cardiomyopathy in Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD, BMD). We investigated plasma levels of prothrombin fragment 1+2 (F1+2). thrombin-antithrombin III complex (TAT) and circulating levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), a procoagulant cytokine that has been shown to be elevated in patients with depressed cardiac function, in 20 patients with DMD and 12 patients with BMD as compared with 30 age-matched control subjects. Significantly elevated levels of F1+2 (DMD: 1.4+/-0.8 nmol/l; BMD: 1.8+/-0.8 nmol/l vs. controls: 0.7+/-0.2 nmol/l, p <0.01 and p <0.001, respectively), TAT complexes (DMD: 4.7+/-2.7 microg/l, BMD: 5+/-2.3 microg/l vs. controls: 1.6+/-0.5 microg/l, p <0.001) and TNF-alpha (54+/-9 vs. 25+/-7 pg/ml, p <0.001) were observed in patients with the dystrophic disease compared to control subjects. A significantly negative correlation was also found between F1+2 and TAT complexes and left ventricular ejection fraction (r = -0.65, p <0.0001; r = -0.80, p < 0.0001, respectively) and a positive correlation between F1+2 and TAT complexes and serum TNF-alpha levels (r = 0.67, p <0.0001; r = 0.70, p <0.0001, respectively). Our results indicate a hypercoagulable state in X-linked dystrophic patients. A possible relationship between haemostatic activation, left ventricular dysfunction and TNF-alpha system upregulation may be suggested.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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