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FEMS Microbiol Rev. 1999 Apr;23(2):179-230.

Physico-chemistry of initial microbial adhesive interactions--its mechanisms and methods for study.

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Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.


In this review, initial microbial adhesive interactions are divided into adhesion to substratum surfaces, coaggregation between microbial pairs and co-adhesion between sessile and planktonic microorganisms of different strains or species. The physico-chemical mechanisms underlying the adhesive interactions are described and a critical review is given of currently employed methods to study microbial adhesive interactions, with an emphasis on the use of the parallel plate flow chamber. Subsequently, for each of the three microbial adhesive interactions distinguished, the role of Lifshitz-van der Waals, acid-base and electrostatic interactions is described based on existing literature.

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