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J Invest Dermatol. 1999 May;112(5):744-50.

Specific lysis of melanoma cells by receptor grafted T cells is enhanced by anti-idiotypic monoclonal antibodies directed to the scFv domain of the receptor.

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1
Department of Dermatology, The Saarland University Hospital, Homburg/Saar, Germany.

Abstract

Malignant transformation of melanocytes is frequently associated with abnormalities in antigen processing and in human leukocyte antigen class I antigen expression. Here, we evaluated a human leukocyte antigen class I antigen-independent approach to target cytotoxic T lymphocytes to melanoma cells by grafting cytotoxic T lymphocytes with a chimeric receptor that consists of both a domain binding to high molecular weight-melanoma associated antigen and a cellular activation domain. The binding domain is a single-chain antibody fragment (scFv) derived from the monoclonal anti-high molecular weight-melanoma associated antigen antibody 763.74 by phage display techniques. The cellular activation domain is the signaling unit of the FcepsilonRI receptor gamma chain. Both domains constitute the chimeric receptor scFv763.74-gammaR. Cytotoxic MD45 T cells grafted with the scFv763.74-gammaR receptor bind specifically to high molecular weight-melanoma associated antigen-positive melanoma cells and lyse melanoma cells in a human leukocyte antigen class I independent fashion. Pre-incubation of receptor grafted T cells with immobilized anti-idiotypic (id) monoclonal antibody MK2-23 binding to the scFv domain of the receptor enhanced the lysis of melanoma cells indicating that the specific cytolytic activity of receptor grafted T cells can be increased by costimulation with cross-linked anti-idiotypic monoclonal antibodies that recognize the antigen binding domain of the chimeric receptor.

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