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Br J Haematol. 1999 Apr;105(1):102-9.

Characterization of IgG monoclonal anti-cardiolipin/anti-beta2GP1 antibodies from two patients with antiphospholipid syndrome reveals three species of antibodies.

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Department of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.


Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL), including antibodies detected in anti-cardiolipin (aCL) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and in lupus anticoagulant (LA) tests, are strongly associated with recurrent thrombosis and recurrent fetal loss, i.e. the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Although recent studies suggest that most APS-associated aCL are directed against the phospholipid (PL)-binding plasma protein beta2-glycoprotein 1 (beta2GP1), the precise nature of aCL binding specificities remains controversial. To address the issue of aCL specificity we generated five new monoclonal IgG aCL from two patients with APS. Characterization of these five aCL, as well as two previously published IgG aCL, revealed three patterns of reactivity: (1) four antibodies reacted strongly with human beta2GP1-cardiolipin (CL) complexes and weakly with human beta2GP1 alone; (2) two antibodies recognized bovine beta2GP1, but not human beta2GP1; (3) one antibody reacted with complexes of human beta2GP1 and CL, but not with human beta2GP1 alone. Only one monoclonal displayed weak LA activity. These patient-derived IgG monoclonal antibodies, and additional ones to be generated, may help define varying species of antibodies detected in aCL assays and identify the specific antibodies that may be pathogenic.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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