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Biophys J. 1999 May;76(5):2727-34.

Dehydration and crystallization of trehalose and sucrose glasses containing carbonmonoxy-myoglobin.

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1
Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche ed Astronomiche, Università di Palermo and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica della Materia, 90123 Palermo, Italy.

Abstract

We report a study wherein we contemporarily measured 1) the dehydration process of trehalose or sucrose glasses embedding carbonmonoxy-myoglobin (MbCO) and 2) the evolution of the A substates in saccharide-coated MbCO. Our results indicate that microcrystallization processes, sizeably different in the two saccharides, take place during dehydration; moreover, the microcrystalline structure is maintained unless the dry samples are equilibrated with a humidity >/=75% (>/=60%) at 25 degrees C for the trehalose (sucrose) sample. The evolution of the parameters that characterize the A substates of MbCO indicates that 1) the effects of water withdrawal are analogous in samples dried in the presence or in the absence of sugars, although much larger effects are observed in the samples without sugar; 2) the distribution of A substates is determined by the overall matrix structure and not only by the sample water content; and 3) the population of A0 substate (i. e., the substate currently put in relation with MbCO molecules having the distal histidine out of the heme pocket) is largely enhanced during the dehydration process. However, after rehumidification its population is largely decreased with respect to the values obtained, at similar water content, during the first dehydration run.

PMID:
10233087
PMCID:
PMC1300242
DOI:
10.1016/S0006-3495(99)77425-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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