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Pediatr Res. 1999 May;45(5 Pt 1):714-7.

A heterozygous frameshift mutation in the endothelin-3 (EDN-3) gene in isolated Hirschsprung's disease.

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1
Department of Molecular Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

Hirschsprung's disease, affecting one in 5000 live newborns, is the most common cause of neonatal intestinal obstruction. The obstruction or, later in life, constipation arises from the lack of enteric ganglia in the hindgut, thus resulting in poor coordination of peristalsis. Mutations in Hirschsprung patients have so far been reported in five genes associated in two different receptor-ligand systems, RET-GDNF/NTN and EDNRB-EDN-3, and an additional gene with yet unknown precise function, SOX10. We report the results of single-stranded conformation polymorphism screening of the endothelin-3 gene in a Swedish population-based material of 66 sporadic and nine familial Hirschsprung's disease cases. We have found a novel heterozygous mutation in exon 2, c.262insG, in a patient with sporadic short segment Hirschsprung's disease without any Waardenburg features. This frameshift results in a premature stop two codons further on. Because this stop is introduced 5' of the biologically active protein, this mutation can hence be predicted to result in haplo-insufficiency.

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