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Kidney Int. 1999 May;55(5):1861-70.

The return of glomerular-filtered albumin to the rat renal vein.

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1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Recent studies have demonstrated that the normal glomerular capillary wall (GCW) is not charge selective to albumin. This means that albumin flux across the GCW is high, and this has been confirmed in studies in which albumin uptake by the tubules has been inhibited. Therefore, there must be a high-capacity postglomerular retrieval pathway in normal kidneys that returns filtered albumin back to the blood supply.

METHODS:

This study identifies the presence of glomerular-filtered albumin in the renal vein from the analysis of the decrease of radioactivity in the venous effluent after the injection of a pulse of tritium-labeled albumin into the renal artery in vivo and in the isolated perfused kidney.

RESULTS:

The postglomerular filtered albumin is returned to the blood supply by a high-capacity pathway that transports this albumin at a rate of 1830 +/- 292 micrograms/min.rat kidney (N = 14, mean +/- SEM). This pathway has been identified under physiological conditions in vivo and in the isolated perfused kidney. The pathway is specific for albumin, as it does not occur for horseradish peroxidase. The pathway is inhibited in a nonfiltering kidney. The pathway is also inhibited by ammonium chloride (an agent that inhibits tubular protein uptake but does not alter glomerular size selectivity) and by albumin peptides (which compete for the tubular albumin receptor).

CONCLUSIONS:

The high-capacity retrieval pathway for albumin is most likely associated with transtubular cell transport. It is also apparent that most albuminuric states could be accounted for by the malfunctioning of this pathway without resorting to any change in glomerular permselectivity.

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