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Clin Sports Med. 1999 Apr;18(2):349-59, vii.

Shoulder injuries in competitive swimmers.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, Irvine College of Medicine, USA. wcmmd@aol.com

Abstract

Sports medicine literature often refers to "swimmer's shoulder." Increasingly, however, it is evident that swimmer's shoulder is a spectrum of maladies whose underlying origins may be incidental to athletic activity. Those dealing with the treatment of swimmers should have a thorough understanding of the differential diagnosis of the shoulder, the age range of competitive swimmers, and the effects of the aging process, and age-related disease processes and should consider the possibilities of neoplasm, degenerative diseases, and acquired processes such as arthritis or metabolic diseases.

PMID:
10230570
DOI:
10.1016/s0278-5919(05)70150-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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