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J Neuroimmunol. 1999 Mar 1;95(1-2):95-106.

TNF alpha and IL-1beta mediate intercellular adhesion molecule-1 induction via microglia-astrocyte interaction in CNS radiation injury.

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Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Rochester, NY 14642, USA.


Radiation injury to the central nervous system (CNS) results in glial activation accompanied by expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and adhesion molecules. In this study we demonstrate intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) induction in the irradiated mouse brain at the mRNA and protein levels. Immunocytochemical analysis revealed that ICAM-1 protein was primarily expressed in endothelial cells and microglia. In vitro, ionizing radiation significantly induces TNF alpha, IL-1beta and ICAM-1 mRNA in primary microglia cultures. Interestingly, although ionizing radiation activated primary astrocyte cultures, it did not induce ICAM-1 expression. However, exposure of astrocytes to conditioned medium collected from irradiated microglia resulted in ICAM-1 induction, which was abrogated when the conditioned medium was pre-incubated with neutralizing antibodies raised against murine TNF alpha and IL-1beta. These results indicate that pro-inflammatory cytokines may be necessary for ICAM-1 expression in astrocytes in CNS radiation injury.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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