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Angle Orthod. 1999 Apr;69(2):175-86.

Postretention assessment of deep overbite correction in Class II Division 2 malocclusion.

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Department of Orthodontics College of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Korea.


The purposes of this study were to evaluate the long-term stability of deep overbite correction in Class II Division 2 malocclusion and to search for predictors of postretention overbite. The sample of 62 (31 males, 31 females) was limited to Class II Division 2 patients with initial deep overbite and successful orthodontic treatment as judged clinically at the end of treatment. Study models and cephalograms were analyzed before treatment, after treatment, and out of retention (average 15 years). The sample was divided into two groups according to the degree of postretention overbite: Group 1 (N=33; overbite > or = 4.0 mm at T3, mean = 5.17 +/- 0.87) and group 2 (N=29; overbite <4.0 mm at T3, mean = 2.95 +/- 0.87). The results showed that patients with very upright pretreatment maxillary and mandibular incisors tended to have deeper initial overbite and a tendency to return to their original relationship by the postretention stage. Posttreatment vertical growth contributed to maintenance of overbite correction. By stepwise multiple regression analysis, initial overbite was selected as the most important predictor of postretention overbite. Initial overbite was positively related with postretention overbite.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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