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Curr Biol. 1999 Apr 22;9(8):429-32.

Cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2) is required for centrosome duplication in mammalian cells.

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Department of Biophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan.


Centrosome duplication is indispensable for the formation of the bipolar mitotic spindle. Surprisingly, even if DNA replication or mitosis is inhibited, centrosome duplication can still occur [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]. Thus, it remains unknown how centrosome duplication is coordinated with the cell cycle. Here, we show that centrosome duplication requires cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2) in mammalian cells. We have found that in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, whereas centrosome duplication is not inhibited by hydroxyurea (HU) treatment, which arrests the cells in S phase, it is inhibited by mimosine treatment, which arrests the cells in late G1 phase. Cdk2 activity was higher in HU-treated cells than in mimosine-treated cells. Remarkably, inhibition of the Cdk2 activity in HU-treated cells with butyrolactone I or roscovitine [6], or by expression of the Cdk inhibitor p21(Waf1/Cip1), blocked the continued centrosome duplication. Moreover, overexpression of Cdk2 reversed the inhibition of centrosome duplication by mimosine treatment. These results indicate a requirement of Cdk2 activity for centrosome duplication and therefore suggest an underlying mechanism for the coordination of centrosome duplication with the cell cycle.

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