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J Heart Valve Dis. 1999 Mar;8(2):140-2.

Recurrent endocarditis in silver-coated heart valve prosthesis.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY:

In order to prevent prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE), the implantation of a new silver-coated sewing ring has been introduced to provide peri- and postoperative protection against microbial infection.

METHODS:

A 56-year-old woman with aortic stenosis had elective replacement with a St. Jude Medical mechanical valve fitted with a silver-coated sewing ring (Silzone). The patient developed early PVE, which necessitated reoperation after one month. Despite a second Silzone prosthesis being implanted, the endocarditis recurred. During a third operation an aortic homograft was implanted, and after six months a fourth operation was performed for a pseudoaneurysm at the base of the homograft, in proximity to the anterior mitral valve leaflet.

RESULTS:

The diagnosis of PVE was confirmed by the presence of continuous fever, transesophageal echocardiography and growth of penicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis from the valve prosthesis.

CONCLUSION:

The implantation of all prosthetic valves is encumbered with a risk of endocarditis. Although silver has bacteriostatic actions, the advantages of silver-coated prostheses in the treatment of this condition have yet to be assessed in clinical trials.

PMID:
10224571
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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