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J Neurosci Methods. 1998 Jul 1;82(1):1-15.

Chronic recording capability of the Utah Intracortical Electrode Array in cat sensory cortex.

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Department of Optometry and Visual Sciences, University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology, UK.


The Utah Intracortical Electrode Array (UIEA) is an array of 100 penetrating silicon microelectrodes designed to focally electrically stimulate or record neurons residing in a single layer up to 1.5 mm beneath the surface of the cerebral cortex. Apart from its use as a unique tool to study parallel processing in the central nervous system, this array could form the platform for a cortical neuroprosthetic system. Although the UIEA has been used extensively in acute neural recording and stimulation experiments, its long-term performance in a chronic application has yet to be demonstrated. As an initial investigation into the feasibility of long-term cortical recording with an array of microelectrodes, we have hard-wired a subset of 11 electrodes of the UIEA to a percutaneous connector. This chronic UIEA assembly was then implanted into the cerebral cortices of ten cats for durations ranging from 2 to 13 months; over which time, both random and stimulus-evoked single and multiple unit action potentials were periodically recorded. On average, after a 6-month implant period, 60% of implanted arrays could still record some type of activity. Post-sacrifice dissections revealed a fibrous encapsulation of the UIEA. Although most implanted cortex was histologically normal, evidence of a chronic astroglial response was seen in a few cases. The results of the reported experiments indicate that the UIEA can be successfully used for limited times in a chronic recording application.

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