Send to

Choose Destination
Biol Chem. 1999 Mar;380(3):335-40.

Induction of HPV16 capsid protein-specific human T cell responses by virus-like particles.

Author information

Cancer Immunology Program, Cardinal Bernardin Cancer Center, Loyola University of Chicago, Maywood, IL 60153, USA.


It has been postulated that upon binding to a cell surface receptor, papilloma virus-like particles (VLPs) gain entry into the cytosol of infected cells and the capsid proteins L1 and L2 can be processed in the MHC class I presentation pathway. Vaccination of mice with human papilloma virus-like particles consisting of capsid proteins L1 and L2 induced a CD8-mediated and perforin dependent protective immune response against a tumor challenge with human papilloma virus transformed tumor cells, which express only minute amounts of L1 protein. Here we show that HPV16 capsid proteins stimulate a MHC class I restricted CTL response with human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) in vitro. The vigorous response was specific for VLP-infected target cells and was MHC class I restricted. Moreover we show the presence of at least one HLA-A*0201 restricted CTL epitope within the HPV-16 capsid proteins by using a VLP-'infected' HLA-A*0201 transfected human cell line as target cells. These results demonstrated that VLPs can induce a HPV16 capsid protein-specific immune response in humans, allowing the monitoring of immune responses induced by vaccines based on chimeric VLPs carrying additional immunogenic peptides or proteins in therapeutical applications in human patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Sheridan PubFactory
Loading ...
Support Center