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Proteins. 1999 May 1;35(2):235-49.

Protein fold analysis of the B30.2-like domain.

Author information

1
Biophysics Department, Berlex Biosciences, Richmond, California 94804, USA.

Abstract

The B30.2-like domain occurs in some members of a diverse and growing family of proteins containing zinc-binding B-box motifs, whose functions include regulation of cell growth and differentiation. The B30.2-like domain is also found in proteins without the zinc-binding motifs, such as butyrophilin (a transmembrane glycoprotein) and stonustoxin (a secreted cytolytic toxin). Currently, the function for the B30.2-like domain is not clear and the structure of a protein containing this domain has not been solved. The secondary structure prediction methods indicate that the B30.2-like domain consists of fifteen or fewer beta-strands. Fold recognition methods identified different structural topologies for the B30.2-like domains. Secondary structure prediction, deletion and lack of local sequence identity at the C-terminal region for certain members of the family, and packing of known core structures suggest that a structure containing two beta domains is the most probable of these folds. The most C-terminal sequence motif predicted to be a beta-strand in all B30.2-like domains is a potential subdomain boundary based on the sequence-structure alignments. Models of the B30.2-like domains were built based on immunoglobulin-like folds identified by the fold recognition methods to evaluate the possibility of the B30.2 domain adopting known folds and infer putative functional sites. The SPRY domain has been identified as a subdomain within the B30.2-like domain. If the B30.2-like domain is a subclass of the SPRY domain family, then this analysis would suggest that the SPRY domains are members of the immunoglobulin superfamily.

PMID:
10223295
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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