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S Afr J Surg. 1999 Feb;37(1):9-11.

Gastro-intestinal Kaposi's sarcoma, with special reference to the appendix.

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  • 1Department of Anatomical Pathology, University of Natal, Durban.


Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) of the gastro-intestinal tract is a common disease in the AIDS setting, although it is often asymptomatic. In this paper we wish to highlight the occurrence of gastro-intestinal KS with appendiceal involvement. Two of the patients presented with features of acute appendicitis, and KS of the appendix was not suspected at the time of surgery. In the remaining patient KS of the appendix was part of generalised gastro-intestinal involvement. It is important to remember that KS can cause appendicitis by producing a submucosal nodule that abuts into the lumen and thereby causes obstruction. KS of the gastro-intestinal tract may therefore masquerade as 'simple' appendicitis, or indeed remain asymptomatic.

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