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Rinsho Ketsueki. 1999 Mar;40(3):230-5.

[Infant leukemia with t(1;22) presenting proliferation of erythroid and megakaryocytic cell lineages].

[Article in Japanese]

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Department of Pediatrics, Ibaraki Children's Hospital.


We report a case of infant leukemia with the proliferation of both erythroblast and megakaryoblast lineages. The blasts became double-positive for both erythroblastic and megakaryoblastic surface markers at the time of bone marrow relapse. A 9-month-old girl was admitted to our hospital presenting chiefly poor with weight gain and anemia. She also had splenomegaly, pleural effusion, leukocytosis, and thrombocytopenia. A bone marrow specimen showed 53.2% erythroblasts (PAS positive, alpha-NA positive, CD41 negative, MPO negative) and 20.4% megakaryoblasts with marked cytoplasmic blebs. We examined specimens by two-color flow cytometric analysis. At the onset, CD41+ glycophorin A- fraction and CD41- glycophorin A+ fraction were two major components. At the bone marrow relapse, the majority of blasts had altered to double-positive. Chromosomal analysis showed t (1; 22) (p13; q13), which has been reported to be specific for acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (M7) in infants. We reasoned that a leukemia had occurred in this patient at a progenitor cell level common to both erythroid and megakaryocytic lineages.

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