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Exp Cell Res. 1999 May 1;248(2):339-49.

Subunits and substrates of the anaphase-promoting complex.

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Research Institute of Molecular Pathology (IMP), Dr.-Bohr Gasse 7, Vienna, A-1030, Austria.


The initiation of anaphase and exit from mitosis depend on a ubiquitination complex called the anaphase-promoting complex (APC) or cyclosome. The APC is composed of more than 10 constitutive subunits and associates with additional regulatory factors in mitosis and during the G1 phase of the cell cycle. At the metaphase-anaphase transition the APC ubiquitinates proteins such as Pds1 in budding yeast and Cut2 in fission yeast whose subsequent degradation by the 26S proteasome is essential for the initiation of sister chromatid separation. Later in anaphase and telophase the APC promotes the inactivation of the mitotic cyclin-dependent protein kinase 1 by ubiquitinating its activating subunit cyclin B. The APC also mediates the ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis of several other mitotic regulators, including other protein kinases, APC activators, spindle-associated proteins, and inhibitors of DNA replication.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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