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Tumor necrosis factor during pregnancy and at the onset of labor and spontaneous abortion.

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Department of Pediatrics, Universidade Federal de São Paulo - EPM, Brasil.



The aim of this study was to evaluate the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) by peripheral blood cells during pregnancy, at the onset of labor and of spontaneous abortion (SA), as well as in non-pregnant women with and without a history of recurrent spontaneous abortions (RSA).


The peripheral blood cells TNF production was evaluated in 28 women in the 1st trimester of pregnancy, 21 in the 2nd, and 30 in the 3rd, 47 at term labor; 43, at the onset of SA; 19 healthy and 19 RSA non-pregnant women. The statistical method used was the Mann-Whitney test.


We observed (1) lack of TNF detection in the 1st gestational trimester; (2) increase of TNF production with gestational age, with the highest values being observed at labor (P<0.05); (3) high TNF production at the onset of SA; (4) no difference in the TNF production by healthy and RSA non-pregnant women.


The suppression of TNF production during the 1st trimester of pregnancy seems to favor the normal development of pregnancy. It remains to be investigated whether the assessment of TNF production is a valuable prognostic parameter for the occurrence of abortion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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